Caracterización anatomopatológica de neumonías en cuyes producidas por Streptococcus pneumoniae en crianza intensiva

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Betty Villanueva-Guzmán
Rosario Ramírez-Marina
Siever Morales Cauti
Resumen

Objetivo. Caracterizar macroscópica y microscópicamente las lesiones causadas por Streptococcus pneumoniae en muestras de pulmón de cuyes (Cavia porcellus) de crianza intensiva de Lima. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo la necropsia de 138 cuyes con signos clínicos de neumonía, y se tomó la muestra de los pulmones afectados. Se realizó el aislamiento bacteriano para la identificación de Streptococcus pneumoniae, utilizando agar sangre y pruebas bioquímicas; se realizó el procesamiento histopatológico utilizando la coloración hematoxilina eosina (HE) de las muestras de tejidos conservados en formol al 10%. Resultados. Del total de los pulmones diagnosticados con neumonía en necropsia, el 17.4 % (24/138) resultó positivo a Streptococcus pneumoniae; De estos, el 75% (18/24) mostró características macroscópicas de neumonía intersticial/Neumonía broncointersticial y 25% (6/24) características macroscópicas de bronconeumonía. En la evaluación microscópica se encontró que el 37.5% presentó tanto para neumonía intersticial y neumonía broncointersticial, y un 25% de ellas corresponden a bronconeumonía. Conclusión.  la neumonía intersticial, neumonía broncointersticial y bronconeumonía con diagnóstico de Streptococcus pneumoniae son patrones lesionales encontradas en sistemas de crianza intensiva de Lima.

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Biografía del autor/a / Ver

Betty Villanueva-Guzmán, Universidad Científica del Sur, Perú.

Universidad Científica del Sur, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Biológicas, Carrera de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Lima, Perú.

Rosario Ramírez-Marina, Universidad Científica del Sur, Perú

Universidad Científica del Sur, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Biológicas, Carrera de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Lima, Perú

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