Perfil fermentativo, calidad nutricional y estabilidad aerobia de ensilajes mezclados de hierba elefante (Pennisetum purpureum Schum) y maní forrajero (Arachis pintoi)

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Cleyton de Almeida Araújo
Judicael Janderson da Silva Novaes
Janiele Santos de Araújo
Amélia de Macedo
Crislane de Souza Silva
Tamiris da Cruz da Silva
João Virgínio Emerenciano Neto
Gherman Garcia Leal de Araújo
Fleming Sena Campos
Glayciane Costa Gois
Resumen

Objetivo. Determinar el perfil fermentativo, composición centesimal y estabilidad aerobia de ensilajes mezclados de hierba-elefante combinadas con niveles de maní forrajero. Materiales y métodos. Distintos niveles de maní forrajero (0,0, 20,0, 40,0, 60,0 y el 80,0% en la base de la materia fresca) se adicionaron a los ensilajes de hierba-elefante. Se adoptó el delineamento enteramente casualizado, con 5 tratamientos y 3 repeticiones, totalizando 15 silos experimentales que se abrieron tras 30 días de sellados. Perfil fermentativo, composición centesimal y estabilidad aerobia. Resultados. Se evaluaron el aumento de los niveles de maní forrajero en los ensilajes de hierba elefante promovió aumento en la porosidad, permeabilidad, densidad y pH (p<0,001). Se observó reducción de 0,58 en el índice de Flieg para cada 1% de maní forrajero adicionado al ensilaje de hierba -elefante (p<0,001). La suma de la diferencia de temperatura del ensilaje con relación al ambiente (p=0,032) y estabilidad aerobia (p<0,001) presentó efecto cuadrático. La inclusión de maní forrajero en los ensilajes de hierba elefante redujo la materia seca, materia orgánica, fibra en detergente neutro y ácido, hemicelulosa, celulose y carbohidratos totales (p<0,05) y aumentó la materia mineral, proteína bruta, lignina, carbohidratos no fibrosos, y nutrientes digestibles totales (p<0,05). Conclusiones. En las condiciones experimentales, se recomienda la inclusión de hasta el 40% de maní forrajero combinado con hierba elefante para componer ensilajes mezclados, debido a la mejor dinámica fermentativa, perfil nutricional y estabilidad aerobia.

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Biografía del autor/a / Ver

Cleyton de Almeida Araújo, Universidad Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Brasil.

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Petrolina, PE, Brazil.

Judicael Janderson da Silva Novaes, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Brasil.

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Petrolina, PE, Brazil.

Janiele Santos de Araújo, Universidad Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Brazil.

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Petrolina, PE, Brazil.

Amélia de Macedo, Universidad Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Brasil.

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Petrolina, PE, Brazil.

Crislane de Souza Silva, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Brasil.

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Petrolina, PE, Brazil.

Tamiris da Cruz da Silva, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Brasil.

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Petrolina, PE, Brazil.

João Virgínio Emerenciano Neto, Universidad Federal de Rio Grande de Norte, Brasil.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Macaíba, RN, Brazil.

Gherman Garcia Leal de Araújo, Embrapa Semiárido, Brasil.

Embrapa Semiárido, Petrolina, PE, Brazil.

Fleming Sena Campos, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brasil.

Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Garanhuns, PE, Brazil.

Glayciane Costa Gois, Universidade Federal de Vale de São Francisco, Brasil.

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Petrolina, PE, Brazil.

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