Objective. The objective of this study was to determine the effect on productiveperformance and carcass characteristics in lambs fed with different amounts of palmkernel cake. Material and methods. Thirty-two Santa Inês lambs, with an initial livebody weight of 24.8 ± 3.59 kg were used. Treatments consisted of four levels (0; 6.5;13.0 and 19.5%) of palm kernel cake added to the dry matter diet. Lambs were fed for80 days, and then slaughtered to be evaluated for the quantitative characteristics of thecarcass. Results. Intake of dry matter and non-structural carbohydrates decreased withincreasing levels of palm kernel cake. The intake of neutral detergent fiber showed a linearincrease. Crude protein and total digestive nutrient intake were not affected. Weight gain,and the feed:gain ratio of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein and total digestivenutrients were similar among the four treatments. There was an increase on the feed:gainratio of neutral detergent fiber and a decrease of nonstructural carbohydrates. The weightgain at slaughter and biometric measures were not affected by treatment. The carcasscompactness index showed a linear decrease. The indexes of leg muscularity, compactnessof the leg and rib eye area were similar among treatments. There was a linear decrease inthe cold carcass weight and commercial yield of the carcass. Conclusions. The diet madeof up to 19.5% palm kernel cake reduced DM intake, the carcass compactness index andcarcass commercial yield, but did not alter weight gain, or feed dry matter intake.
Siqueira ER, Simões CD, Fernandes S. Effect of sex and slaughter weight on production of beef and lamb. Morphometry of the carcass, cuts weights, tissue composition and not constituent component of the carcass. R Bras Zootec 2001; 30(4):1299-1307. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982001000500025
Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics – IBGE. Search local livestock. [Accessed on: 20 April 2006]. URL Available at: www.ibge.gov.br.
Cezar MF. Carcass characteristics and physiological adaptability of sheep during the create. [Doctoral Thesis]. Brazil, Areia: Universidade Federal da Paraiba. Faculty of Zootecnia, Animal Production Department; 2004.
Furusho Garcia IF, Olalquiaga Perez JR, Teixeira JC. Carcass components and composition of some cuts of lamb Texel x Bergamacia, Texel x Santa Inês Santa Inês and finished in pure containment shell of coffee as part of the diet. R Bras Zootec 2003; 32(6):1999-2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982003000800024 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982003000800025
Osório JCS. Study of carcass quality commercialized in the type depending on the origin: basis for the improvement of quality of carcasses in Brazil. [Doctoral Thesis]. Espa-a: University of Zaragoza; 1992.
Correia BR, Oliveira RL, Jaeger SMPL, Bagaldo AR, Carvalho GGP, Oliveira GJC, Lima FHS, Oliveira PA. Intake, digestibility and ruminal pH of steers fed diets with pies coming from the production from biodiesel to replacement soybean meal. Arq Bras Med Vet 2011; 63: 353-363.
Borja MS, Oliveira RL, Ribeiro CVDM, Bagaldo AR, Carvalho GGP, Silva TM, Lima LS, Barbosa LP. Effects of feeding licury (Syagrus coronate) cake to growing goats. Asian-australas J Anim Sci 2010; 23: 1436-1444. http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2010.90574
Nunes AS, Oliveira RL, Ayres MCC, Bagaldo AR, Garcez Neto A F, Barbosa LP. Hepatic condition of lambs fed diets with palm kernel cake from biodiesel production. R Bras Zootec 2010; 39: 1825-1831. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982010000800027
Dias AMA, Batista AMV, Maia MMD, Carvalho FFR, Guim A, Silva G, Silva AC. Nutrient intake and digestibility and performance of goats fed rough wheat bran in place of corn. R Bras Zootec 2010; 39:831-836. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982010000400019
Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture. Brazilian: Compendium of animal nutrition; 1998. 11. Ribeiro RDX, Oliveira RL, Macome FM, Bagaldo AR, Silva MCA, Ribeiro CVDM, et al. Meat quality of lambs fed on palm kernel meal, a by-product of biodiesel production. Asian-australas J Anim Sci 2011; 24:1399-1406.
Association of Analytical Chemists. AOAC. Official methods of analysis. 12th ed. Washington: AOAC; 1990.
Van Soest, PJ, Robertson JB, Lewis BA. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J Dairy Sci 1991; 74(10):3583-3597. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2
Sniffen CJ, O'Conor JD, Van Soest PJ, Fox DG, Russel JB. A net carbohydrate and protein system for evaluating cattle diets: Carbohydrate and protein availability. J Anim Sci 1992; 70(11):3562-3577. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/1992.70113562x
Yanez EA, Resende KJ, Ferreira ACD, Medeiros AN, Sobrinho Silva AG, Pereira Filho JM et al. Use of biometric measures to predict characteristics of Saanen goats. R Bras Zootec 2004; 33(6):1565-1572.
Colomer-Rocher F, Morand-Feher P, Kirton AH. Standard methods and procedures for goat carcass evaluation, jointing and tissue separation. Livest Prod Sci 1987; 17:149-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0301-6226(87)90060-1
Osorio JC, Osorio MT, Jardim PO, Pimentel M, Pouey JL, Luder WE et al. Methods to evaluate the production of lamb in vivo, the carcass and meat. Pelotas: UFPEL; 1998.
Garcia CA, Sobrinho Silva AG. Performance and carcass characteristics of sheep fed with residue of bread "cookie". In: Annual Meeting of the Bras. Society Zooctec 1998; 29-31.
Silva Sobrinho AG, Machado MRF, Gastaldi KA et al. Effect of forage:concentrate ratio and slaughter weight on the leg components of lambs Ile de France x Texel confined. J Anim Sci 2002; 31:1017-1023.
Silva Sobrinho AG, Purchas RW, Kadim IT, Yamamoto SM. Composition of the leg muscle of sheep of different genotypes and ages at slaughter. Pesqui Agropecu Bras 2005; 40(11):1129-1134.
Purchas RW, Davies AS, Abdullah AY. An objective measure of muscularity: changes with animal growth and differences between genetic lines of Southdown sheep. Meat Sci 1991; 30:81-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0309-1740(91)90037-Q
Statistical Package for the Social Sciences – SPSS. Release 13.0. Chicago, 2004.
Rodrigues Filho JA, Shrimp AP, Batista H, Azevedo GPC, Braga E. Levels of cake to replace the palm of wheat bran on voluntary intake and digestibility of concentrates. R Bras Zootec 1996; 292-293.
Silva FF, Pires AJV, Oliveira ARA, et al. Cake of palm in diets of dairy calves weaned early. In: 37th annual meeting of Brazilian Society of Zootecnia, Viçosa, MG. Viçosa, MG; 2000.