Distrofia muscular nutricional en los músculos del muslo de los pollos: análisis patológico de un problema de campo

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Özgür KANAT
İbrahim Halil ÇERÇİ
Resumen

Objetivo. Este estudio tiene como objetivo utilizar el método histopatológico para investigar la distrofia muscular nutricional en pollos debido a la carencia de vitamina E. Materiales y métodos. Se analizaron muestras de tejido tomadas de 20 polluelos muertos y un total de 28 muestras de sangre tomadas de ocho polluelos enfermos. La cantidad de vitamina E determinada en el análisis de los piensos resultó ser un 5% inferior a la cantidad declarada como presente en la ración. Resultados. La cantidad promedio de α-tocoferol en los sueros sanguíneos arrojó un resultado de 0.285 µg/g. Los niveles plasmáticos de calcio y de fósforo resultaron ser elevados mientras que los de sodio, potasio y magnesio, normales. A nivel histopatológico, se encontró una distrofia muscular nutricional en 18 de 20 polluelos (90%). En el examen histopatológico de las secciones musculares se observaron diversos grados de degeneraciones hialinas, necrosis, mineralización, lipidosis e infiltraciones de células mononucleares. Conclusiones. Se determinó que a medida que aumentaba el contenido de grasa de la ración, los niveles de vitaminas y minerales, en particular de vitamina E, cambiaban dentro del alimento y la salud de los polluelos se deterioraba y provocaba daños histopatológicos en diferentes tejidos de los órganos. El estudio concluye que la industria avícola debe dar importancia a los sistemas de control de piensos para que los polluelos reciban una alimentación adecuada y saludable.

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Biografía del autor/a / Ver

Özgür KANAT, Universidad Necmettin Erbakan, Turquía

Universidad Necmettin Erbakan, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Departamento de Patología, Konya. Turquía

İbrahim Halil ÇERÇİ, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, TURKEY

Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Diseases, Hatay-TURKEY

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