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Efecto de la metadoxina en hepatopatías primarias crónicas en caninos:  serie de casos

Effect of Metadoxine on Chronic Primary Hepatopathies in Canines:  Number of Cases



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Bermúdez-Duarte, P. M. (2023). Efecto de la metadoxina en hepatopatías primarias crónicas en caninos:  serie de casos. Revista MVZ Córdoba, 28(3), e3103. https://doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.3103

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Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0.

Paula María Bermúdez-Duarte
José Alfredo Rivera-Rojas

Paula María Bermúdez-Duarte,

Universidad de la Salle, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Programa de Medicina Veterinaria, Bogotá Colombia.


José Alfredo Rivera-Rojas,

Universidad de la Salle, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Programa de Medicina Veterinaria, Bogotá Colombia.


Objetivo. Evaluar el efecto de la metadoxina sobre hallazgos paraclínicos, ecográficos e histopatológicos en caninos con hepatopatías primarias a través de una serie de casos. Materiales y métodos. Siete caninos de 2 a 14 años con signos clínicos leves a moderados de hepatopatía primaria, ácidos biliares anormales, valores aumentados de ALT o ALP tres veces sobre el rango superior durante 4 semanas, fueron sometidos a evaluación ecográfica y biopsia hepática Tru-Cut ecoguiada para confirmar la hepatopatía de acuerdo con la clasificación histológica de la WSAVA. Previo a la biopsia, debían tener fibrinógeno >100 mg/dl, plaquetas >100 células x103/µl y tiempo de protrombina <11.5 segundos. Una vez confirmado el diagnóstico histológico, recibieron metadoxina a 17±11.35 mg/kg cada 12 horas durante 4 semanas. El seguimiento clínico, paraclínico, ecográfico e histopatológico se realizó al finalizar este periodo. Resultados. Se detectó una disminución en la presentación de vómito y anorexia (p=0.03), un incremento no significativo de ALT y ALP (p=0.84; p=0.43), una reducción en los ácidos biliares (p=0.4) y ningún cambio en el puntaje ecográfico (p=0.42) o diagnóstico histopatológico (p>0.05). Conclusiones. Pese a las importantes limitaciones, esta serie de casos representa una observación preliminar que sugiere que la metadoxina puede mejorar la presentación clínica de caninos con enfermedad hepática sin modificar las variables paraclínicas, ecográficas o histológicas; se necesitan investigaciones adicionales con un diseño de Ensayo Clínico Aleatorizado para proponer protocolos de indicación de metadoxina en caninos con hepatopatías en la práctica clínica.


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