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Caracterización de lenteja y jacinto de agua, efecto en la digestibilidad aparente en la tilapia

Characterization of duckweed and water hyacinth and their effect on the apparent digestibility in tilapia



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Botello-León, A. ., Méndez-Martínez, Y. ., Pérez-Corría, K. ., Ortega-Ojeda, M. ., Teresa-Viana, M. ., & Morán-Ribas, C. (2024). Caracterización de lenteja y jacinto de agua, efecto en la digestibilidad aparente en la tilapia. Revista MVZ Córdoba, 29(2), e3468. https://doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.3468

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Aroldo Botello-León
Yuniel Méndez-Martínez
Kirenia Pérez-Corría
Marcos Ortega-Ojeda
María Teresa-Viana
Charles Morán-Ribas

Aroldo Botello-León,

Universidad Técnica "Luis Vargas Torres" de Esmeraldas, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Carrera de Zootecnia, Laboratorio de Acuicultura, Esmeraldas, Ecuador.


Yuniel Méndez-Martínez,

Universidad Técnica Estatal de Quevedo (UTEQ), Facultad de Ciencias Pecuarias y Biológicas, Quevedo, Los Ríos, Ecuador.


Kirenia Pérez-Corría,

Universidad Técnica "Luis Vargas Torres" de Esmeraldas, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Carrera de Zootecnia, Laboratorio de Acuicultura, Esmeraldas, Ecuador.


Marcos Ortega-Ojeda,

Universidad Técnica "Luis Vargas Torres" de Esmeraldas, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Carrera de Zootecnia, Laboratorio de Acuicultura, Esmeraldas, Ecuador.


María Teresa-Viana,

Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanológicas, Ensenada, México.


Charles Morán-Ribas,

Universidad Técnica "Luis Vargas Torres" de Esmeraldas, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Carrera de Zootecnia, Laboratorio de Acuicultura, Esmeraldas, Ecuador.


Objetivo. Evaluar la composición nutritiva de la lenteja de agua (LA) (Lemna minor) y jacinto de agua (JA) (Eichhornia crassipes) y su efecto en la digestibilidad aparente de la materia seca (%, DAMS), digestibilidad aparente de la proteína cruda (%, DAPC) y la digestibilidad aparente de la grasa cruda (%, DAGC) en la nutrición de la tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Materiales y métodos. La LA y el JA se utilizaron para formular nueve dietas isoproteicas (32.47%), isolipídicas (5.46%) e isoenergéticas (16.45 MJ kg-1), con tres repeticiones y 15 tilapias machos (36.36±1.16 g) por repetición: 0% (T0); 10% (T10); 15% (T15); 20% (T20) y 25% (T25), respectivamente al azar. Se aplicó un análisis de componentes principales (PCA). Resultados. La PC del JA y la LA, fue 21.72% y 27.37% (p˂0.05), respectivamente. Los peces alimentados con JA y LA, hasta 10 y 15% de inclusión en la dieta respectivamente, no mostraron diferencias significativas (p>0.05) para la DAMS, aunque para la DAPC y DAGC, hasta 15 y 20%, respectivamente, no se observó diferencias significativas (p>0.05). Conclusiones. Las harinas de jacinto de agua y lenteja de agua, son fuente de proteína vegetal alternativa, que pueden sustituir parcialmente la soya y maíz en dietas para la tilapia (O. niloticus). El PCA sugiere que la dieta de control, 10% JA, 10-15% LA, mostraron los mejores resultados en términos de digestibilidad aparente de los nutrientes.


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