Respuesta reproductiva, metabólica y cambios corporales en ovejas alimentadas con dos niveles de energía

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Autores

Héctor Maximino Rodríguez-Magadán https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2779-319X Jorge Hernández-Bautista https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7575-8180 Said Cadena-Villegas https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7977-2796 Teodulo Salinas-Rios https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6108-6782 Edmundo Atxayacatl Silva-Rodríguez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3472-9014 Honorio Torres-Aguilar https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2853-4891 Eliseo Sosa-Montes https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2027-8168

Resumen

Objetivo. Evaluar la respuesta reproductiva, estado metabólico y cambios corporales en ovejas Dorper y Katahdin suplementadas con dos niveles de energía previo al empadre. Materiales y métodos. Se utilizaron 14 hembras Katahdin y 13 Dorper distribuidas en 2 tratamientos a las cuales se les sincronizó el celo. Catorce días previo a la sincronización de estros, las ovejas se distribuyeron en 2 tratamientos de acuerdo con el nivel de energía en la dieta, T1:2.0 y T2:2.5 Mcal kg-1 de EM. La alimentación abarcó 14 días de adaptación y 14 de alimentación con dieta integral. Al inicio y al final del estudio se midió el espesor de grasa dorsal, área del ojo de la costilla, peso corporal y concentraciones de glucosa e insulina. Se midieron los principales parámetros reproductivos como respuesta a estro, porcentaje de gestación y prolificidad. Se realizaron análisis de varianza y pruebas de ji cuadrada para determinar el efecto del nivel de energía y el genotipo. Resultados. El genotipo y el nivel de energía no afectaron ninguna de las variables medidas, aunque se encontró que con ambos niveles de energía existió un incremento en las concentraciones de glucosa, así como una ganancia en peso, grasa corporal y área del ojo de la costilla. Conclusiones. Debido a que no existió diferencia en los parámetros reproductivos y cambios corporales en ovejas al alimentarlas con los dos niveles de energía, es mejor la alimentación con 2.0 Mcal kg-1 de EM, ya que reduce costos de alimentación.

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Referencias

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