Factores técnicos del manejo de la calidad agua y sedimento en policultivo camarón-tilapia en estanques

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

Jorge J Juárez-Rosales https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0837-6681 Jesus Ponce-Palafox https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1088-7114 Alma D. Román-Gutiérrez https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0927-1061 Elena M. Otazo-Sánchez https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9324-8926 Griselda Pulido-Flores https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0454-8466 Yolanda Marmolejo-Santillán https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0567-0703 Raúl Tapia-Varela https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1561-1595 Mario A Benítez-Mandujano https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4040-6262

Resumen

El policultivo de camarón-tilapia es una de las estrategias de mitigación para los impactos sanitarios y los efluentes en las granjas camaroneras. Su finalidad principal es incrementar la producción y controlar la calidad del agua de sus efluentes. En casos de éxito se controlaron algunas enfermedades y mejoró la calidad del suelo en estanques de tierra. En esta revisión, se analizan los beneficios que se obtienen en la calidad del agua, sedimento, medio ambiente, incremento del rendimiento y el mejoramiento de los parámetros zootécnicos de camarones co-cultivados con tilapia. Los policultivos de camarón-tilapia pueden contribuir con un efecto positivo sobre la calidad del agua y sedimentos de los estanques y efluentes de las granjas de cultivo, lo cual depende de las condiciones de densidad y ambiente donde se desarrollan. Sin embargo, se requiere adaptar y demostrar su funcionalidad y rentabilidad comercial a pequeña escala e industrialmente.

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Detalles del artículo

Referencias

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