Identificación de ecto y endoparásitos en palomas domésticas (Columba livia) del área urbana de Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

María Cristina Hernández-Martínez https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4380-8002 Jorge Luis Parra-Arango https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5270-4259 Agustín Góngora-Orjuela https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2915-683X Harvey Augusto Walteros-Casas https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4190-6509 Jenny Jovana Chaparro-Gutiérrez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2750-0721

Resumen

Objetivo. Determinar la presencia de parásitos internos y externos en palomas comunes (Columba livia) del área urbana de la ciudad de Villavicencio, Meta, durante la transición verano a invierno del año 2017. Materiales y Métodos. Se capturaron 72 palomas de tres comunas de la ciudad y sometidas a inspección visual para parásitos externos, a la vez se obtuvo muestras de material fecal para análisis coprológico mediante el método de Sheather’s. Se realizaron frotis con las muestras de sangre y tinción con Giemsa para agentes hemotrópicos. Resultados. En el 100% de las muestras se encontraron dos especies de parásitos externos: piojos malófagos (Columbicola columbae) y mosca de paloma (Pseudolynchia canariensis). Dentro de los parásitos internos se encontraron dos protozoarios: Haemoproteus spp. 26.5% (9/34) en frotis sanguíneo y Eimeria spp. 36% (26/72) en heces, seguido de los nematodos: Ascaridia spp. 4.2% (3/72) y Capillaria spp. 13.8% (10/72) y cestodos: Raillietina spp. 1.38% (1/72). No se encontró asociación del parasitismo con el sexo de la paloma o la comuna de muestreo. Conclusiones. La presencia de parásitos internos fue baja, excepto para Eimeria spp., estos datos representan información importante del riesgo potencial para la salud animal y humana, especialmente para poblaciones comerciales de aves y la avifauna nativa. Estos resultados indican que se requieren programas sanitarios y de control en las poblaciones de palomas de la ciudad.

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Referencias

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